Library Search Results for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA)

Disproportionate Minority Contact and Status Offenses

Author:Coalition for Juvenile Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2014

Abstract:This brief by the Coalition for Juvenile Justice emphasizes the+

importance of addressing the data deficit on disproportionate minority contact (DMC) among status offenders. The brief provides background on DMC in the juvenile justice system more broadly, explains why a focus on DMC and status offenses is important, and outlines potential ways to fill this gap in information.
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Overview of The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act of 2014

Author:Act 4 Juvenile Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2014

Abstract:This is a summary of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency+

Prevention Reauthorization Act introduced by Senators Sheldon Whitehouse and Chuck Grassley on December 11, 2014. If enacted, it would update the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 1974 which expired in 2007. In particular, the reauthorization bill seeks to strengthen the Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO) core protection by phasing out the Valid Court Order (VCO) exception that allows judges to issue secure detention orders for youth charged with non-delinquent status offenses, such as truancy or running away. Until the VCO is eliminated, it provides safeguards for status offenders under detention, including limits on how long they may be detained.
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Notes from the field: Illinois

Author:Vera Institute of Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2014

Abstract:This profile describes the process that led to the development+

of the Comprehensive Community-Based Youth Services (CCBYS) system, a statewide network of 33 community-based youth service providers in Illinois that responds to status offense behaviors. CCBYS providers ensure that there is an immediate response upon referral, and that youth are connected to appropriate services without court involvement, with excellent results.
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Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO): Facts and Resources

Author:Coalition for Juvenile Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2011

Abstract:This fact sheet by the Coalition for Juvenile Justice explains+

what status offenses are, as well as examines the most commonly charged status offenses. Additionally, this fact sheet lays out the potential harms of institutionalization and details how this approach is sometimes still taken to respond to youth who have allegedly committed status offenses. Finally, CJJ offers examples from a variety of jurisdictions of effective policy efforts to reform the status offense system, as well as multiple important resources for those interested in more information.
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Representing Juvenile Status Offenders

Author:American Bar Association

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2010

Abstract:This book, compiled by the American Bar Association, provides important+

training resources for attorneys and advocates representing status offenders. Few such resources exist, despite the specialized needs of youth and families in crisis and the role of strong advocacy in helping youth avoid further juvenile justice system involvement. The book is divided into chapters, each of which is written by an expert in the field and offers tools for attorneys and advocates to successfully represent and empower youth in status offense proceedings, to foster better family dynamics, and to enable early access to intervention services.
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Use of the Valid Court Order: State-by-State Comparisons

Author:Coalition for Juvenile Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2014

Abstract:This fact sheet indicates which states used the Valid Court+

Order (VCO) exception to the Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO) requirement of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) in Fiscal Year 2013. This exception, added to the JJDPA in 1980, allows judges to detain adjudicated status offenders who violate a VCO and thus treat a status offense like a delinquent act.
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Girls, Status Offenses and the Need for a Less Punitive and More Empowering Approach

Author:Coalition for Juvenile Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2013

Abstract:The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) published this brief as+

part of The SOS project, which engages with states to establish policies that divert non-delinquent youth from the court system and instead use more effective community-based systems of care. A disproportionate number of status offense cases is brought against girls, especially girls of color, and female status offenders are detained at a rate higher than boys. This brief explores why girls are far more likely to be petitioned and incarcerated for status offenses, noting the key role of gender norms and the system's lack of gender-specific individualized responses for girls. Additionally, the juvenile justice system must acknowledge the underlying causes for girls who commit status offenses; a large portion of these girls are the victims are physical and/or sexual abuse and running away or staying out past curfew is a means of self-protection. In response, this brief suggests that our current system view girls not as a social problem but as a group affected by social problems who thus require specialized interventions and services.
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Disproportionate Minority Contact and Status Offenses

Author:Coalition for Juvenile Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2014

Abstract:The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) published its Disproportionate Minority+

Contact and Status Offenses as part of The SOS Project, which engages with states to establish policies that divert non-delinquent youth from the court system and instead use more effective community-based systems of care. This report outlines the disproportionately high rates of Black, Hispanic, and American Indian youth in detention or residential placement for committing status offenses as compared to that of White youth. The report also addresses the data deficit on status offenders as well as on the disproportionality that exists among those charged with status offenses. Finally, CJJ acknowledges that reducing disproportionate minority contact (DMC) has proven difficult, but that addressing DMC among status offenders is a key place to start.
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National Standards for the Care of Youth Charged with Status Offenses

Author:Coalition for Juvenile Justice

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2013

Abstract:The Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ) published its National Standards+

for the Care of Youth Charged with Status Offenses in collaboration with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ). Developed by experts from the field including judges, attorneys, corrections officials, community-based organizations, and practitioners, the National Standards outlines recommendations to reduce court involvement for non-delinquent youth charged with status offenses. This publication is also an accompanying resource to A Toolkit for Status Offense Reform: Module Three, Planning and Implementing System Change as it may help you articulate your aspirations for change in your community.
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Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention as amended, Pub. L. No. 93-415 (1974)

Author:United States Congress

  • Year of Publication:
  • 2002

Abstract:This document consists of amendments made to the 1974 Juvenile+

Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) in 2002.
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